幸运飞艇的app在哪里下载软件

Danish sculptor Thomas Dam produced the original troll doll. (Ink Drop/Alamy)

The Colorful History of the Troll Doll

With the release of Trolls World Tour, and a new generation entranced by the ugly-but-cute toy, it appears the troll’s lucky streak lives on

p2gx11.cn
p2gx11.cn | April 9, 2020, 1:40 p.m.

In early 2017, brothers Justin, Travis and Griffin McElroy had just wrapped up a live-taping of their hit podcast, “My Brother, My Brother, and Me,” in Portland, Oregon. In between on their nationwide tours, the trio was perpetually busy building a that now spans books, television and more than a dozen podcasts. But back at their hotel that night—possibly thanks to some legal edibles gifted by a fan—they hatched a scheme that was zany even by their standards. Could they persuade DreamWorks to cast them in the forthcoming Trolls sequel?

“as entertainers, we thought it was funny—this idea that we would get into this children's movie by hook or by crook,” says justin. the more difficult task would be persuading dreamworks that the brothers’ desire was more than an elaborate joke.

What unfolded over the months that followed involved a brand new podcast—aspirationally titled “”—documenting their journey, a bungled meeting with Dreamworks executives, and a social media fan campaign that one Trolls World Tour cast member described as “.” Nonetheless, in September 2018, Justin found himself driving from his home in Huntington, West Virginia, to a recording studio in Cincinnati, Ohio. As unbelievable as it seemed, he would read lines for six different parts in Trolls World Tour. Set for , the follow-up to 2016’s Trolls幸运飞艇的app在哪里下载软件 finds main characters Poppy (Anna Kendrick) and Branch (Justin Timberlake) in a race to save trolls’ diverse musical cultures from a band of rock-and-roll trolls determined to silence them.

What essential magic does the Trolls franchise possess, that it could motivate three grown men to spend years lobbying DreamWorks for bit voice acting roles? And how did the toy itself not only endure for more than 60 years, but catch Hollywood’s interest anew?

The Origin of the Troll Doll

幸运飞艇的app在哪里下载软件the story of troll dolls began in the small town of gjøl, denmark, during the economic precarity that followed world war ii. according to board game designer tim walsh’s 2005 book , thomas dam (1915-1989) was a baker whose livelihood vanished when the local flour factory shuttered. struggling to support his young family, dam shoveled snow for cash while formulating a new plan for earning a living. early in the morning, or at night when he returned, dam would sit near the fireplace, carving bits of wood while he thought. he often carved funny creatures to entertain his children, and eventually, his wife persuaded him to try selling the figurines. dam packed up as many as he could carry and traveled to aalborg, the nearest city, where he planned to knock on doors. he came home empty-handed, having successfully sold them all.

as dam’s figurines found fans in aalborg, customers began commissioning bigger projects. before long, dam became a working sculptor whose reputation eventually exceeded denmark’s borders. in 1956, a swedish department store hired him to create a large sculpture of santa claus, kicking off the chain of events that nudged dam to fully embrace toy making.

幸运飞艇的app在哪里下载软件when he finished installing the santa claus sculpture, dam realized that it wasn’t completely visible from the street. he proposed an accompanying window display with a clever design. first, he sculpted tiny figures of christmas elves—designed in a similar style to his soon-to-be-famous troll dolls—and dismantled a mattress, hiding a spring in each figurine’s body. next, dam built a display with a mechanism that lifted and dropped a long piece of wood. when the dolls were fixed to the wood, its gently undulating motion caused their springs to bounce. “[these trolls] were standing there waving, jumping up and down and their heads were rolling,” recalled niels dam, thomas dam’s son, in .

幸运飞艇的app在哪里下载软件the window display worked, and the store was flooded with requests from customers eager to purchase dolls of their own. dam raced to fulfill the orders, selling out his entire stock by christmas. but the original dolls were expensive to produce, requiring painstakingly handmade details and expensive springs.

when demand showed no sign of slowing, dam began tweaking the design to scale production. he had already switched from hand-carved wood to rubber molded in reusable gypsum casts. under a newly minted company dubbed dam things, he replaced the dolls’ springy bodies with more affordable rubber ones stuffed with wood shavings. by 1959, dam established a small factory in gjøl, and in 1961, he switched to an even more efficient production process called rotational molding, using the same pvc plastic that troll dolls are made of today.

The Rise and Fall

by 1962, dam’s trolls had become an international sensation, fueled by a new network of factories spanning new zealand to florida. with prices ranging from roughly 65 cents up to per doll, trolls were a vehicle for pricier add-ons, such as clothing and accessories. a tempted shoppers with exclusive releases, including a troll village playset and a “prehistoric model home furnished in true troll decor.” dam’s original good luck trolls—renamed wishniks when sold by a u.s. distributor—encouraged children to rub their trolls’ colorful hair for good fortune.

幸运飞艇的app在哪里下载软件trolls continued their rise to fame. when president john f. kennedy welcomed betty miller, the first woman to pilot a solo trans-pacific flight, to the white house on july 19, 1963, he also greeted , , who served as a good luck charm onboard her famous flight. first lady , and reportedly had a doll of her own. according to walsh, americans purchased more than one million dam trolls in 1964 alone. the record sales even drove dam things to purchase iceland’s entire harvest of sheepskin for use as the dolls’ iconic hair.

JFK and Betty Miller and troll doll.jpg
President John F. Kennedy (left) holds a map of the route taken by aviator Betty Miller (center) on the first solo flight by a woman across the Pacific Ocean. Miller brought her troll doll, Dammit, on the famous flight. (Abbie Rowe. White House Photographs. John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, Boston)

walsh believes troll dolls arrived in the u.s. at a fortunate moment. he compares trolls to the spirograph, a toy that generates symmetrical designs which found traction thanks to the 1960s’ obsession with colorful mandalas. the troll dolls’ mile-high day-glo hair channeled a hippie aesthetic, while their wrinkled faces and exaggerated features echoed the surreal, psychedelic artwork that appeared on record sleeves such as king crimson’s , which was released in 1969. “i think they were the perfect doll at the perfect time,” walsh says.

Yet trolls’ appeal might run even deeper, back to the mingled anxiety and wonder that originally inspired myths about the creatures. “We kind of dismiss a comment like ‘they’re so ugly, they’re cute,’” Walsh says. “But you can also say ‘they’re so scary, they’re cute.’” In , trolls dwelled on the edges of society, in menacing forests, castles and underneath bridges. They harassed and kidnapped women, demanded tolls, and sometimes possessed magical powers. Walsh points out that troll dolls’ electrified hair and wide eyes could be interpreted as the expressions of terror. For children, troll dolls may have exuded an alluring mix of harmlessness and horror. Dam’s designs embraced this duality, exaggerating the trolls’ features until they became adorable. “They were so ugly that you couldn’t help but laugh,” , “and when you laugh, luck follows you."

americans collectively spent in the toy’s heyday. although only one company, uneeda, was licensed to sell official dam trolls, competitors including lucky schnooks, fauni trolls and a host of unbranded mimics exploited a gap in u.s. copyright law, pumping out similar toys with cheaper materials. although dam obtained a u.s. copyright for his trolls in 1965, uneeda had already sold countless troll dolls by then, . children may have been indifferent to the branding, but for the dam company, the competition stung.

The Comeback

幸运飞艇的app在哪里下载软件by the 1970s, enthusiasm for the wrinkled creatures faded. but in the words of walsh, “toys are unusual in their ability to stick around.” this is, in part, because some toys invite nostalgia that translates into generational waves of sales. when troll doll enthusiasts grew up and started families, they naturally wanted to introduce their children to the toy. right on schedule—two decades after their heyday, at the 1983 new york toy fair—a couple named steven and eva stark debuted . the dolls were officially licensed dam trolls and came with designed to encourage collecting. "trolls are like potato chips," eva stark told in 1992. "nobody is satisfied with just one."

Troll window display.jpg
A window display of troll dolls in New York in 1993 (Joe Schilling/The LIFE Images Collection via Getty Images)

Ella Andreasen learned this lesson in 2016, when she decided to part ways with a couple Halloween-themed trolls her mother had purchased from Target in the 1990s. A marketer by day, Andreasen moonlights as , the name of the vintage Etsy shop she runs part-time from her home in Minnesota. That’s where she posted her childhood trolls—only to be surprised by the response. “They got so much traffic and so many favorites,” she says. “There was really a big buzz about them.” Andreasen had stumbled across a thriving subculture of troll collectors. Intrigued, she began joining Facebook groups where collectors swap tips and share knowledge about troll dolls and memorabilia.

nostalgia often shapes the perceived value of different trolls or types of trolls. with copyright issues still unresolved, unlicensed varieties continued to emerge during the late 1980s through trolls’ second peak during the early 1990s. among them, ace’s treasure trolls added an iconic rhinestone belly button marketed as (borrowing heavily from dam’s original good luck trolls playbook). hasbro took a different tack with its line of battle trolls, which had bulging muscles and brandished theatrical weapons like a band of miniature pro-wrestlers. “everyone likes the stuff that they grew up with,” andreasen says.

幸运飞艇的app在哪里下载软件one of the most popular non-dam troll varieties came from —the same type andreasen’s mother used as decorations, and which adreassen sells on etsy today, scouring thrift stores, flea markets and facebook marketplace. named for its founder, russ berrie, the dam competitor climbed to prominence by selling trolls—as much as $150 million worth in 1992, up from . trolls were such an important component of the company’s success that featured bride-and-groom troll cake toppers and 160 pink- and blue-haired trolls gifted to guests. still, dam trolls, as well as officially licensed trolls such as norfin, .

Nonetheless, serious troll collectors often specialize in Dam and non-Dam varieties alike. In New York City, an artist named Reverend Jen Miller famously turned her apartment’s living room into the , sharing her collection of 400 trolls with visitors by appointment. (Miller put her trolls in storage when she was and has since brought them out for pop-up exhibits, including New York’s in 2019.) In 2013, collector Ray Dyson, based in Edmonton, Canada, secured the Guiness World Record for his collection of —only to be usurped in 2018 by collector Sherry Groom, a retired psychiatric nurse who has an astonishing and remains the world record holder today. Troll fans can visit Groom’s collection in Alliance, Ohio, where she and her husband run the , a two-story museum that displays an additional 22,000 pieces of troll-related memorabilia.

Sherry Groom at Troll Hole Museum.jpg
Sherry Groom, the owner and founder of the Troll Hole Museum, talks about her vast collection of trolls at the museum in 2017. (Karen Schiely/Akron Beacon Journal/Tribune News Service via Getty Images)

Groom began collecting as a child during the 1960s, when family members and friends gifted her trolls. Then, as troll dolls’ popularity ebbed after the 1990s boom, she found opportunities to purchase secondhand collections of 300 to 500 troll dolls at a time. “I always try to convince people on the tour that I'm not a creepy troll collector,” Groom says, laughing. “I just happened to have some, and then we monetized it, and then it really took on a life of its own.”

Ultimately, the spelled the end of the saturated troll market. The legislation amended U.S. copyright law to bring it into alignment with a treaty called the Berne Convention. As a result, foreign companies and individuals whose intellectual property had previously been part of the public domain received copyright privileges once again. At last, in 1996, Dam Things managed to restore its troll doll copyright.

Treasure trolls.jpg
Ace’s Treasure Trolls added an iconic rhinestone. (Amy Cicconi/Alamy)

although russ berrie trolls had been sold since the initial american troll boom in 1963, the company , following a lengthy copyright infringement lawsuit brought by dam things. (the debacle didn’t halt russ berrie; today, the company is still known for its , as well as its .) in subsequent years, retailers ranging from urban outfitters to uneeda itself faced lawsuits from dam things for selling unlicensed troll products.

The Next Generation of Troll Fans

In 2013, DreamWorks ushered in a third phase of enthusiasm for trolls by from Dam Things. Its adaptation—which starred Anna Kendrick and Justin Timberlake as technicolor trolls with a musical flair—introduced trolls to a new generation of children, whose parents may have played with Russ Berrie trolls or Norfin trolls in the 1990s. When DreamWorks’ Trolls screened at Cannes, the mix of original and classic songs left two Vanity Fair 幸运飞艇的app在哪里下载软件critics entranced and emotional. (“”) The movie went on to earn an Oscar nomination for Best Achievement in Music Written for Motion Pictures (Original Song) for performed by Justin Timberlake, .

McElroy Brothers.jpg
Griffin McElroy, Justin McElroy, Clint McElroy and Travis McElroy, seen here at Comic-Con in 2019, are the minds behind “The McElroy Brothers Will Be in Trolls World Tour” podcast. (Matt Winkelmeyer/Getty Images for Entertainment Weekly)

In an unexpected twist, its sequel, Trolls World Tour, is now being hailed as ".” As the world reels from the coronavirus pandemic, DreamWorks announced that Trolls World Tour’s release date would , to April 10—in stark contrast to other movies, which are being delayed until theater screenings become possible again. Priced at $20 for digital streaming access, Trolls World Tour幸运飞艇的app在哪里下载软件’s distribution may become more common as studios and streaming services alike find new ways to deliver movies directly to viewers.

The McElroy brothers didn’t expect Trolls World Tour to provide a model for future Hollywood releases—but then, they didn’t expect to be cast at all. The brothers’ motivation wasn’t rooted in personal nostalgia; according to Justin, they didn’t have troll dolls as children, other than the odd neon-haired pencil-topper. But all three have young children who are right in the pocket of the Trolls franchise’s intended audience. “As dads, we thought it would be impressive to our children,” Justin says.

In particular, Justin’s daughter, Charlie, is a dedicated Trolls fan who inherited her aunt’s vintage troll doll collection and even has a handmade trolls-style wig for playing dress-up.

Though the McElroys achieved the unlikely feat of being cast in Trolls World Tour, the movie may hold further surprises. Given that each brother recorded all six of the voice acting parts DreamWorks offered, it’s still possible that they’ll be surprised by the casting, or unable to tell who voiced which character thanks to autotuning. While Justin was officially cast as an anthropomorphic tumbleweed, he admits he has doubts after watching the trailer. “I would swear on a stack of Bibles it's Griffin,” he says. “I won’t tell him that—I’ll continue to insist it’s me—but I know my own brother’s voice so well.”

幸运飞艇的app在哪里下载软件regardless, one thing isn’t a mystery: trolls have earned their status as an iconic toy. if the 30-year cycle holds steady, the world is due for another troll resurgence.

for dreamworks, it seems, trolls have brought good luck.

Comment on this Story

免费幸运飞艇计划手机 全天幸运飞艇精准计划 pk10微信群或者飞艇群 幸运飞艇 开奖b678甸vip 助赢幸运飞艇软件 北京pk10幸运飞艇直播 幸运飞艇 开奖b678点vip 幸运飞艇5 北京幸运飞艇开奖直播 天天幸运飞艇计划软件 幸运飞艇【上恒达集团~HD161。COM~平台】 幸运飞艇【上恒达集团~HD161。COM~平台】 幸运飞艇【上恒达集团~HD161。COM~平台】 澳门百家乐【上恒达集团~HD161。COM~平台】 澳门百家乐【上恒达集团~HD161。COM~平台】 澳门百家乐【上恒达集团~HD161。COM~平台】 六合彩公司【上恒达集团~HD161。COM~平台】